SPIRIT OF A KIOWA ARTIST
Monroe Tsa Toke was born in
1904 near Saddle
Mountain in Oklahoma. He died in 1937.
Toke is a Kiowa name, the word meaning "Hunting
grandmother was a captive white woman.
The tribe did not approve of such
marriages and his
father was not fully taken into the tribe until later
Despite the strain of white blood, Tsa Toke was all
Indian in heart and mind.
His wife was of high tribal order, being the
daughter on both her father's and mother's side of two
of the greatest war chiefs of the Kiowa tribe: Tsa-tanta
and Set-angya (Sitting Bear.)
As a small boy he attracted the attention
of the teachers
in schools he attended and his father was persuaded
to send him to the College of Bacome at Musgogee,
his talent in drawing was recognized,
but at that time Indian art was
little thought of and this
part of his education was not stressed.
Around the council fires he listened to the old men tell
of their nomadic life, their tribal hunts, their
rituals and ceremonies
steeped in tribal lore. When in
the mood, his great sense of humor was